Greenland, the North American province with the highest percentage of its residents living within the Arctic Circle, has become the third most livable province in Canada, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Alberta.
The report also found that the average temperature in Greenland is significantly higher than in other provinces, particularly in the north.
The study, published online in the International Journal of Polar Science and Technology, examined data from 1,200 people in Greenlands urban areas from 2006 to 2011.
The results showed that in 2007, there were 1,732 people in the city of Greenland who lived in urban areas, which was a rise of 2.4 per cent from 2006.
In 2011, there was 1,856 people in urban communities, which rose by 2.6 per cent.
The average yearly temperatures in the northern part of the Arctic region was 2.7C above the average in the rest of the country.
The research team used data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center.
They used climate models to simulate the Arctic and to compare the predicted future warming and the current warming to previous periods.
The model projections showed that between 2023 and 2027, the average annual temperature in the Arctic would increase by 1.5C, while the average summer temperature would decrease by 0.5-0.7 C. “The Arctic is warming faster than the rest and the difference is clear: the climate change is happening now,” said lead author Paul R. Cairns, a professor of geography and geography at the university.
“Greenland has a very high percentage of people who live within the north, and they have already been warming up.”
A study published earlier this year in the journal Nature Climate Change estimated that Greenland would warm up by 0,1C by 2100, the equivalent of 2 to 4 per cent of the world’s population.
The researchers also found evidence that Greenland would experience a rise in sea level of 2-4cm by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue at current rates.
The new study was conducted by the university’s Department of Geography and Earth System Science, which includes experts from the Arctic, the United States and other countries.
The university also received funding from the Alberta government.
“This work is just the first step,” said Cairnes.
“We need to keep doing our part in terms of trying to understand and understand the impact of climate change on the environment and the people who are in the region, and also what the impacts are for other regions.”